References – Micro-credentials


The microcredential working group consulted many resources in the making of our microcredential processes and framework. We’ll keep adding more as we continue to build upon the project. You can see the evolving list below.

Sketch of three badges.

Algonquin College (2020). Micro-credentials. [Website].


Algonquin College (2018). The Case for Micro Academic Currency and Algonquin College (). Retrieved from


Chaktsiris, M., McCallum, K., Luke, R., Cukier, W, Patterson, L. Garreffa, N., & Gooch, W. (2021). Is the future micro? Unbundling learning for flexibility and access. eCampus Ontario


Clements, K., West, R. E., & Hunsaker, E. (2020). Getting Started With Open Badges and Open Microcredentials. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 21(1), 154-172.


Colleges and Institutes Canada (2021). Standard Definition of Micro-credentials and Guiding Principles for the development of Micro-credentials Standards.


Draeger, J., del Prado Hill, P., Hunter, L.R., Mahler, R. (2013). The anatomy of academic rigor: The story of one institutional journey.  Innovation in Higher Education (38) p.267-279. DOI 10.1007/s10755-012-9246-8


Duklas, J. (2020). Micro-Credentials: Trends in credit transfer and credentialing. Prepared for BCCAT by Duklas Cornerstone Consulting Inc.


Ecampus Ontario (n.d.). Micro-certifications principles and framework. [document]


Government of Canada (2020). Canada – A Learning Nation: A Skilled, Agile Workforce Ready to Shape the Future


Kurtz, K. and Thorsett, P. (2018). Basics of Establishing a Badging Program: SoACE technology bootcamp 2018. University of South Florida  [document]


Lumina Foundation (2016). Connecting credentials: Lessons from the national summit on credentialing and next steps in the national dialogue. [document]


Oliver, B. (2019). Making microcredentials work: for learners employers and providers. Deakin University.  Retrieved from:–Sadly


Open Badges 2.0 Implementation Guide, IMS Global Learning Consortium, 18 October 2018 (Links to an external site.)


Presant, D. (2020). Micro-certification Business Models in Higher Education. (Prepared for eCampus Ontario by Learning Agents).


Stefaniak, J. and Carey, K. (2019). Instilling purpose and value in the implementation of digital badges in education. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education 16(44).


The State University of New York (SUNY), (2018). SUNY Micro-Credentialing Task Force: Report and Recommendations. [document].


The State University of New York (SUNY), (2020). Micro-Credentials at SUNY. [website].


Schmidt, J.P. (April 24, 2017). Credentials, Reputation and the Blockchain. Educause Review. Retrieved from:


(2020). Alberta Colleges Economic Recovery Task Force: Final recommendations